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Berlin State Opera Unter den Linden

Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff

alias Deutsche Staatsoper, Königliche Hofoper, Hofoper
history of the theatresupplementtechnical dataHistoric equipment

Important events

(detail)7.12.1742 | opening
Built 1741-1743 by as "Königliches Opernhaus" by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff for the Prussian King, Friedrich II. Opened 7 Dec 1742 with Graun's "Cleopatra e Cesare". The building comprised three separate halls: the foyer and banquet hall "Apollosaal", the "Tanz- und Theatersaal" (used as main auditorium for opera performances), and the "Korinthischer Saal" (used as stage for opera performances), all of which could be linked mechanically to form one big festive hall. (In: Carthalia )
(detail)1787 | reconstruction
auditorium rebuilding, installation of proscenium boxes and a royal box, modernization of stage technology (with destruction of the original "Korinthischer Saal") by Carl Gotthard Langhans.
(detail)40. 's 19. century | reconstruction
Reconstruction after fire in 1843-1844 by architect Karl Ferdinand Langhans. Re-opened on 7 Dec of 1844 with Meyerbeer's "Das Feldlager in Schlesien".
(detail)60. 's 19. century | reconstruction
Extension of the stagehouse to the south by Carl Ferdinand Langhans in 1867 -1869.
(detail)20. 's 20. century | reconstruction
Renovation in 1926-1928.
(detail)40. 's 20. century | fire
Damaged by bombs on 9/10 Apr 1941. Rebuilt 1941-1942 by E. Meffert. Destroyed by bombs on 3 Feb 1945.
(detail)50. 's 20. century | reconstruction
In1952-1955, rebuilt by Richard Paulick with a modern stage for its time. Re-opened on 4th Sep of 1955 with Wagner's "Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg". Seating capacity: 1400.


(detail)Carl Gottard Langhans |architect
Representatives of the early classicism in the architecture of Prussia. He studied law and mathematics at Halle. His most famous work is the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.More theatres

(detail)Carl Ferdinand Langhans |architect
German architect, designer, the builder of many theatre and opera buildings in Silesia and Germany. More theatres

(detail)Eduard Felix Veith |painter

He belongs among representatives of Realism of the end of 19th century. It is possible to find his frescoes or paintings in Bucharest, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, but in Ostrava, Prague, Łańcut, Brno and Nový Jičín as well. He created a painted curtain and eight ceiling paintings in Prague German Theatre (today’s State opera). He also participated on interior decoration of theatres in Ostrava, Brno, Berlin, Vienna or Prague Rudolfinum.

In: http://www.amaterskedivadlo.cz/main.php?data=opona&id=151

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The Berlin Opera House, of 1741, by Knobelsdorf seems to have been the earliest free-standing theatre building in Europe. It had a portico at one end and two other state entrances at the sides. Over the main entrance was the 'Apollo Hall', a large saloon whose windows formed part of the facade. All these features were to become standard in the great opera houses of a hundred years later.



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